1 the cardinal number that is the sum of four and one [syn: 5, V, cinque, quint, quintet, fivesome, quintuplet, pentad, fin, Phoebe, Little Phoebe]
2 a team that plays basketball [syn: basketball team]
EtymologyFrom etyl ang fif, from , from . Cognate with German fünf, Italian cinque, French cinq, Greek sc=Grek, Russian sc=Cyrl.
- /faɪv/, /"faIv/
- Rhymes: -aɪv
- Albanian: pesë
- American Sign Language: * trreq Amharic: (numeral: ፭)
- Arabic: (xámsa) (numeral: )
- Armenian: հինգ (hing)
- Basque: bost
- Belarusian: пяць (pjats’)
- trreq Bengali: (numeral: ৫)
- Bosnian: pet
- Breton: pemp
- Bulgarian: пет
- trreq Burmese: (numeral: ၅)
- Catalan: cinc
- Cherokee: ᎯᏍᎩ (hisgi)
- Chickasaw: talhlhá'pi, tulhape
- Cornish: pymp
- Corsican: cinqui
- Cree: nîyânan
- Crimean Tatar: beş
- Croatian: pet
- Crow: chiaxxó
- Czech: pět
- Danish: fem
- Dena'ina: ch'qilu
- Dutch: vijf
- Erzya: вете (vete)
- Esperanto: kvin
- Estonian: viis
- Finnish: viisi(^)
- French: cinq
- Garífuna: seingü
- Georgian: ხუთი (χut‘i)
- German: fünf
- Gilbertese: nimaua
- Greek: πέντε (pénte)
- Greek, Ancient: πέντε (pente)
- Guaraní: po
- trreq Gujarati: (numeral: ૫)
- Hebrew: חָמֵשׁ (khamésh) (used in counting), חֲמִשָּׁה (khamisha)
- Hindi: पाँच (pāca) (numeral: ५)
- Hungarian: öt
- Icelandic: fimm
- Ido: kin
- Indonesian: lima
- Interlingua: cinque
- Irish: cúig
- Italian: cinque
- Japanese: 五 (ご, go), 五つ (いつつ, itsútsu)
- Kalaallisut: tallimat
- trreq Kannada: (numeral: ೫)
- Karelian: viisi
- Khmer: (pram) (numeral: )
- Komi: вит (vit)
- Korean: 다섯 (daseot), 오 [五] (o)
- Kurdish: pênc,
- trreq Lao: (numeral: )
- Latin: quīnque, indecl
- Latvian: pieci , piecas
- Lithuanian: penki, penkios
- Livonian: vīž
- Lojban: mu
- Malay: lima
- trreq Malayalam: (numeral: ൫)
- Maltese: ħamsa
- Manchu: sunja
- Manx: queig
- Marathi: पाच (pāch)
- Mari: визыт (vizyt)
- Maricopa: sarapk
- Marshallese: ļalem
- Mojave: tharap
- trreq Mongolian: (numeral: ᠕)
- Nahuatl: makwilli
- Neapolitan: cìnche
- Norwegian: fem
- Novial: sink
- O'odham: hetasp
- Occitan: cinc
- Old English: fif
- Old Norse: fimm
- trreq Oriya: (numeral: ୫)
- Persian: (pænj) (numeral: )
- Polish: pięć
- Portuguese: cinco
- Punjabi: ਪੰਜ (pañj) (numeral: ੫)
- Rapanui: ka rima
- Rohingya: fañs
- Romani: pānj
- Romanian: cinci
- Russian: пять (pjat’)
- Sanskrit: पञ्चन्
- Scottish Gaelic: còig
- Serbian: пет (pet)
- Sicilian: cincu
- Sindhi: (panja)
- Sinhala: පහ (paha)
- Slovak: päť
- Slovene: pet
- Spanish: cinco
- Swedish: fem (^)
- Tagalog: lima
- trreq Tamil: (numeral: ௫)
- Tatar: биш, biş
- Telugu: ఐదు (aidu) (numeral: ౫)
- Thai: (hâa) (numeral: )
- trreq Tibetan: (numeral: ༥)
- Tok Pisin: faipela
- Turkish: beş
- Tzutujil: kho’o
- Ukrainian: п'ять (pjat’)
- Veps: viž
- Vietnamese: ngũ
- Votic: viiz / вииз
- Võro: viiś
- Walloon: cénk
- Welsh: pump
- West Frisian: fiif
- Yiddish: פֿינף (finf)
set or group with five components
- Lithuanian: penkeri, penkerios
- Finnish: viisiminuuttinen
- This article discusses the number five. For the year 5 AD, see 5. For other uses of 5, see 5 (disambiguation).
Evolution of the glyph
The evolution of our modern glyph for five cannot be neatly traced back to the Brahmin Indians quite the same way it can for 1 to 4. Later on the Kushana and Gupta Indians had among themselves several different glyphs which bear no resemblance to the modern glyph. The Nagari and Punjabi took these glyphs and all came up with glyphs that look like a lowercase "h" rotated 180°. The Ghubar Arabs transformed the glyph in several different ways, coming up with glyphs that look more like 4s or 3s than 5s. It was from those characters that the Europeans finally came up with the modern 5, though from purely graphical evidence, it would be much easier to conclude that our modern 5 came from the Khmer .
While the shape of the 5 character has an ascender in most modern typefaces, in typefaces with text figures the character usually has a descender, as, for example, in * The Saros number of the solar eclipse series which began on April 4, 2720 BC and ended on May 24, 1422 BC. The duration of Saros series 5 was 1298.1 years, and it contained 73 solar eclipses.
- The Saros number of the lunar eclipse series which began on -2581 October 8 and ended on -1084 March 24. The duration of Saros series 5 was 1496.5 years, and it contained 84 lunar eclipses.
- The Roman numeral V stands for dwarfs (main sequence stars) in the Yerkes spectral classification scheme.
- The Roman numeral V (usually) stands for the fifth-discovered satellite of a planet or minor planet (e.g. Jupiter V)
Religion and culture
- The five sacred Sikh symbols prescribed by Guru Gobind Singh are commonly known as Panj Kakars or the 'Five Ks' because they start with letter K representing Kakka in the Punjabi language. They are: Kesh (unshorn hair), Kangha (the comb), Kara (the steel bracelet), Kachh (the soldiers shorts), and Kirpan (the sword).
- There are five basic "pillars" of Islam.
- Muslims pray to Allah five times a day *In Islam, particularly Shia Islam, the Panjetan or the Five Holy Purified Ones are the members of Muhammad's family including: Muhammad, Ali, Fatima, Hasan, Husayn and is often symbolically represented by an image of the Khamsa.
- The Torah contains five books—Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy—which are collectively called the Five Books of Moses, the Pentateuch (Greek for "five containers," referring to the scroll cases in which the books were kept), or Humash (חומש, Hebrew for "fifth")
- The book of Psalms is arranged into five books, paralleling the Five Books of Moses.
- The Khamsa, an ancient symbol shaped like a hand with five fingers, is used as a protective amulet by Jews
- According to some traditions of Maya mythology, we are now living in the Fifth World.
- In East Asian tradition, there are five elements: (water, fire, earth, wood and metal). The Japanese names for the days of the week, Tuesday through Saturday, come from these elements via the identification of the elements with the five planets visible with the naked eye. Also, the traditional Japanese calendar has a five-day weekly cycle that can be still observed in printed mixed calendars combining Western, Chinese-Buddhist and Japanese names for each weekday.
- In some cultures there are five cardinal directions, including the center.
- In Cantonese, "five" sounds like the word "not" (symbol: 唔). When five appears in front of a lucky number, e.g. "58", the result is considered unlucky.
- According to various mythologies, the universe is comprised of five classical elements: water, earth, air, fire and ether.
- In Greek Orthodox Christian mysticism, the number 5 symbolizes the Holy Spirit as the bearer of all life. In the monastic tradition of Mount Athos there exists a "hymn" to the Holy Spirit composed entirely and solely of repetitions of the word "pente" (Greek for "five")
- In Discordianism, 5 is seen as a very important number as demonstrated in the Law of Fives and The Pentabarf, which contains five rules. Each page of the Principia Discordia, the primary religious document in Discordianism, is also labeled with 5 digits.
- The Five is the name of a 19th century Russian Group of nationalistic composers who included César Cui, Aleksandr Borodin, Mily Balakirev, Modest Mussorgsky, and Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
- A Perfect fifth is the most consonant harmony, and is the basis for most western tuning systems.
- Modern musical notation uses a musical staff made of five horizontal lines.
- Using the Latin root, five musicians are called a quintet, e.g. the Jackson Five. (In an episode of Will & Grace guest-starring Janet Jackson, she declared that 5 is a mystical number and for that reason she must have precisely 5 backup dancers).
- The name of the band The Fifth Dimension implies that they are transcending beyond even the fourth dimension (time) into a new inner dimension.
- There was a British boy band called 5ive.
- Other bands with "five" in their name include We Five, Five for Fighting, Click Five, MC5 (short for "Motor City Five"), and the Five Man Electrical Band.
- The Vogues song "Five-o'clock World" came in reference to the hours 9 to 5 (ending at 5 p.m.), which are the hours of a standard work day. There are also five working days (non-week-ends) in a week.
- 5 is an album by Lenny Kravitz.
- 5 is a song from après les dancings album by Travis Bürki.
- Take Five is a famous jazz standard composed by Paul Desmond. It counts five beats per bar.
- The number of completed, numbered piano concertos of Ludwig van Beethoven and Camille Saint-Saëns.
- Five Minutes Of Funk is a song by New York rapper Whodini
- Five Minutes Alone is a song by Heavy Metal group Pantera
- Jurassic 5 is a hip hop crew whose second full length album was titled "Power In Numbers."
- Maroon 5 is a pop/rock band from Los Angeles, California, that has become popular thanks to songs such as "Harder To Breathe" and "This Love." The band won the Grammy Award for Best New Artist in 2005.
- In harmonics - The fifth partial (or 4th overtone) of a fundamental has a frequency ratio of 5/1 to the frequency of that fundamental. This ratio corresponds to the interval of 2 octaves + a pure major third. Thus, the interval of 5/4 is the interval of the pure third. A major triad chord when played in just intonation (most often the case in a cappella vocal ensemble singing), will contain such a pure major third.
- Kyle Busch's number in both the NEXTEL Cup Series and the Busch Series(no relation between the names). Also from 1994 until 2004 NASCAR champion Terry Labonte drove.
- In Formula One, the number 5 & 6 cars traditionally belonged to the Williams team, until the end of the 1995 Formula One Season. It was most synonymous with Nigel Mansell in the late 80s and early 90s.
- In professional Wrestling, if a wrestler grabs the ropes when he is in a submission hold, the attacking wrestler has up to a 5 count to break the hold until a disqualification is made. This is also the case for choking, grabbing the referee, or standing to the top of the turnbuckle. Contrary to belief, it is not a four count, as emphasized in WWE.
- The number of players of a basketball team on the court at a given time.
- Several players in the NBA have worn the number 5 on their jersey, including Hall of Fame caliber players Jason Kidd of the New Jersey Nets and most recently Kevin Garnett of the Boston Celtics. Bill Walton wore number 5 during the last few years of his career with the Boston Celtics.
- Also used in basketball to represent the position of center.
- The Olympic Games have five interlocked rings as their symbol, representing the number of inhabited continents represented by the Olympians (counting North America and South America as one continent).
- The number of kyu (pupil) grades in judo
- In rugby union, the number of the lock forward who usually jumps at number 4 in the line-out. It is also the number of points awarded for a try.
- In rugby league, the number of the left wing, and also the number of tackles the attacking team has to score a try before the handover.
- In baseball, five represents the third baseman's position.
- 5 is the uniform number of Hall of Fame Baseball players Hank Aaron, Luke Appling, George Brett, Lou Boudreau, Hank Greenberg, Johnny Bench, Joe DiMaggio, and Brooks Robinson.
- In hockey, the area between the goaltender's legs is known as the five-hole.
- Heisman Winner Reggie Bush wore the number 5 in college at the University of Southern California.
- Former Collingwood Magpies captain and member of the Team of the Century Nathan Buckley wore gurnsey number 5.
- The resin identification code used in recycling to identify polypropylene.
- In radio communication, the term "Five by five" is used to indicate perfect signal strength and clarity.
- The Pentium, coined by Intel Corporation, is a fifth-generation x86 architecture microprocessor.
- On most telephones, the 5 key is associated with the letters J, K, and L, but on the BlackBerry it is the key for G and H.
- On almost all devices with a numeric keypad such as telephones, computers, etc., the 5 key has a raised dot or raised bar to make dialing easier. Persons who are blind or have low vision find it useful to be able to feel the keys of a telephone. All other numbers can be found with their relative position around the 5 button. (On computer keyboards, the 5 key of the numpad has the raised dot or bar, but the 5 key that shifts with % does not).
- 5 is the most common number of gears for automobiles with manual transmission.
- The number of oceans in the world.
- The five senses are sight, smell, sound, touch and taste.
- The five basic tastes are sweet, salty, sour, bitter and umami.
- The number of the first books in the Bible: Genesis (Bereisheet בראשית), Exodus (Shemot שמות), Leviticus (Vayikra ויקרא), Numbers (Bemidbar במדבר), and Deuteronomy (Devarim דברים) also known as the Pentateuch
- Most roses have five petals.
- Pentameter is verse with five repeating feet per line; iambic pentameter was the most popular form in Shakespeare.
- In the United States legal system, the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution can be referred to in court as "pleading the fifth", absolving the defendant from self-incrimination
- The note in the English monetary system that features Elizabeth Fry. (£5 Note)
- The smallest Euro banknote. It shows an antique bridge.
- The denomination of the U.S. dollar with Abraham Lincoln's portrait.
- The number of cents in a nickel.
- The designation of an Interstate Highway that runs from San Diego, California to Blaine, Washington.
- The number of permanent members with veto power on the UN Security Council.
- The number necessary to make a majority decision in the U.S. Supreme Court.
- Five babies born at one time are quintuplets. The most famous set of quintuplets were the Dionne Quintuplets born in the 1930s.
- In Astrology, Leo is the 5th astrological sign of the Zodiac.
- Quintessence, meaning 'fifth element', refers to the elusive fifth element that completes the basic four elements (water, fire, air and earth). There is also a movie called The Fifth Element.
- The number of dots in a quincunx.
- The number of points in a pentagram.
- The Garden of Cyrus 1658 by Sir Thomas Browne is a Pythagorean Discourse based upon the number 5.
- The word "punch" comes from the Hindustani for five. Being true to the designation of punch, the drink Five Alive is named for its five ingredients.
- The holy number of Discordianism, as dictated by the Law of Fives.
- There are 5 digits in a United States zip code
- An informal term for the British Security Service, MI5
- The typical number of members in a Super Sentai team.
- Human beings and other primates have five digits on each hand as well as five toes on each foot.
- The letter E is the fifth letter of the alphabet.
- May is the fifth month.
- The Blood street gang's number is 5
- There are five vowels in the English alphabet: a, e, i, o and u.
- There are 5 Great Lakes
- The main character from the first series of Yu-Gi-Oh! often associates himself with the number five (see Episodes 12 and 24).
- Wells, D. The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers London: Penguin Group. (1987): 58 - 67
five in Old English (ca. 450-1100): Fīf
five in Arabic: 5 (عدد)
five in Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): 5 (ܡܢܝܢܐ)
five in Guarani: Po
five in Aymara: Phisqa
five in Bulgarian: 5 (число)
five in Catalan: Cinc
five in Chuvash: 5 (хисеп)
five in Czech: 5 (číslo)
five in Corsican: 5 (numeru)
five in Welsh: Pump
five in Danish: 5 (tal)
five in Pennsylvania German: Fimf
five in German: Fünf
five in Erzya: 5 (вете)
five in Spanish: Cinco
five in Esperanto: Kvin
five in Basque: Bost
five in Persian: ۵ (عدد)
five in French: 5 (nombre)
five in Gan Chinese: 5
five in Galician: Cinco
five in Korean: 5
five in Igbo: Ise
five in Indonesian: 5 (angka)
five in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): 5 (numero)
five in Xhosa: Zintlanu
five in Italian: 5 (numero)
five in Hebrew: 5 (מספר)
five in Kinyarwanda: Gatanu
five in Haitian: 5 (nonm)
five in Kurdish: Pênc
five in Latin: Quinque
five in Luxembourgish: Fënnef
five in Lithuanian: 5 (skaičius)
five in Lombard: Nümar 5
five in Hungarian: 5 (szám)
five in Marathi: ५nah:Mācuīlli
five in Dutch: 5 (getal)
five in Japanese: 5
five in Norwegian: 5 (tall)
five in Norwegian Nynorsk: Talet 5
five in Central Khmer: ៥
five in Polish: 5 (liczba)
five in Portuguese: Cinco
five in Quechua: Pichqa
five in Russian: 5 (число)
five in Sicilian: Cincu
five in Simple English: Five
five in Slovenian: 5 (število)
five in Serbian: 5 (број)
five in Finnish: 5 (luku)
five in Swedish: 5 (tal)
five in Tagalog: 5 (bilang)
five in Thai: 5
five in Vietnamese: 5 (số)
five in Turkish: 5 (sayı)
five in Ukrainian: 5 (число)
five in Vlaams: 5 (getal)
five in Yiddish: 5 (נומער)
five in Contenese: 5
five in Chinese: 5